The Habitat Agenda, which is the framework for all activities of the agency, addresses among others, issues related to increasing the resilience of cities to the impacts of climate change. UN-HABITAT is mandated, for example, to coordinate the development of human settlements and sustainable energy production and energy use by encouraging energy efficiency, alternative energy, mass transit and public awareness.
More precisely, one of UN-HABITAT’s tasks is to strengthen the capacity of urban and metropolitan areas to manage the production and consumption patterns, and the transport and waste disposal systems needed to preserve the environment. Moreover, UN-HABITAT’s work contributes to improved disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness, and post disaster rehabilitation capabilities at the local level.
The Declaration on Cities and Other Human Settlements in the New Millennium asks for supporting national and international cooperation networks, in order to reduce the vulnerability of human settlements to natural and human-made disasters, and for improving of shelter conditions, especially in developing countries and critical natural environments.
UN-HABITAT’s Mid-Term Strategic and Institutional Plan 2008-2013 calls for enhancing better management of urbanization to prevent uncontrolled urban sprawl, pollution and unsustainable consumption of land, water and other natural resources, which accelerate environmental degradation, and the negative impacts of climate change. To this end, under the key focus area “Environmentally sound basic urban infrastructure and services”, UN-HABITAT’s task is to support cities in working out strategies to minimize and deal with climate change effects.